Child development

Using the linked textbook ( ) Chapters 6 and 7 answer the following questions. Cite page number for each answer.

Unit 7
1.Identify and describe Piaget’s stages of sensorimotor intelligence, and give examples of the behavior associated with each stage.
2. Explain what objective permanence is, how it is tested in infancy, and what these tests reveal.
3. Explain what habituation research has revealed about cognitive development in infancy.
4. Describe the information processing model of cognition.
5. Explain the Gibson’s’ contextual view of perception, and relate it to the idea of affordances, giving examples of affordances perceived by infants.
6. Explain how the infant’s focus on movement and change enhances sensory and perceptual skills and thus overall cognitive growth.
7. Discuss research findings on infant memory and infants’ understanding of categories.
8. Describe language development during the first two years, and identify its major hallmarks.
9. Explain the importance of baby talk (motherese), and identify its main features.
10. Summarize the different theories that explain early language learning, and discuss how each theory might help caregivers encourage their child’s language development.

Unit 8
1. Describe the basic emotions expressed by infants during the first days and months.
2. Describe the main developments in the emotional life of the child between 6 months and 2 years.
3. Discuss the concept of social referencing, including its development and role in shaping later emotions.
4. Discuss contemporary views on the role of the father in infant psychosocial development.
5. Discuss the links between an infant’s emerging self-awareness and his or her continuing emotional development.
6. Discuss how Freud’s psychosexual stages can be used to explain psychosocial development during the first two years.
7. Discuss how Erikson’s psychosexual stages can be used to explain psychosocial development during the first two years.
8. Define and describe the concept of temperament, discuss its development as an interaction of nature and nurture, and explain the significance of research on temperament for parents and caregivers.
9. Describe the synchrony of parent-infant interaction during the first year, and discuss its significance for the developing person.
10. Define attachment, explain how it is measured and how it is influenced by context, and discuss the long-term consequences of secure and insecure attachment.
11. Describe four categories of adult attachments and how each affects the child’s
attachment to the parent.
12. Discuss potential effects of nonmaterial care on a baby’s development