Electricity Transmission availability and reliability- Free Solution

Electricity transmission availability and reliability are a significant hurdle to siting and developing renewable energy projects. Which of the solution(s) presented in your readings appear to solve the transmission issues? What factors lead you to your conclusion? Does the solution work for all sources of energy? Are there other feasible solutions to our grid and transmission crisis?
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/energycentral/energybiz0110/index.php?%20startid=16<br /> http://energy.gov/oe/downloads/smart-grid-introduction-0<br /> the two other articles besides the one i uploaded already that need to be used to answer the question

electricity

solution

Electricity Transmission

In the modern society, life without electric power would be boring to many people. This is because most of the activities today are driven by electricity. It would be extremely difficult, therefore, to achieve national security, economic prosperity, and public health and safety without electricity. Electric transmission in the United States has covered more than 157,000 miles of more than 230 kilovolts (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014). However, there has been a hurdle between demand of electricity and its transmission. While its demand has escalated by 25% since 1990, construction of the facilities have decreased by 30% (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014). Because of this, there has been plenty grid congestion, and thus increased electricity costs. The grid congestion has resulted to other diseconomies of scale such as disturbances in power quality and power outages, which are said to cost the economy around $180 billion per year (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014). Owing to these losses, America has had to find solutions to increasing the reliability and availability of electric transmission in order to solve the underlying issues.

One of the main ways to help increase the reliability and availability of electric transmission is siting and developing renewable energy projects. Such renewable sources of energy include sun, wind and water. An integrated system of combined distributed sources would help in increasing the penetration of renewable sources of energy (Harris, 2010). For instance, in order to achieve the Zero Energy District, these resources should be fully integrated to the electrical distribution system. The integration would include resources such as microturbines, photovoltaic, reciprocating engines, wind, backup generators, and wind. The integration of these projects will help in reducing carbon footprint, as well as get involved in the global environmental leadership through environmental conservation (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014).

Full accommodation of the renewable sources will be one of the largest milestones in solving the crisis in electric transmission. However, in order to achieve this, there is need for enabling appropriate technologies connecting them to the grid in order to fully realize their potential. Countries like Germany and Japan have thrived in the development of renewable sources project because of the embracement of technology. For instance, Germany is known for its development of photovoltaic solar power. Japan uses its advanced battery storage technology to help in power conservation and reduce problems brought by grid congestion. Through adoption of the right technologies, it is evident that countries are able to thrive in integrating renewable energy sources in power production (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014).

Over-reliance on electricity grid transmission is the start of grid problems in any country. Alternative energy sources would help in a great deal to solve these transmission crises. This is because renewable energy sources can never be depleted, and most of them are environment-friendly. For instance, reliance on wind for electricity production and transmission to households just requires the wind to blow. Whenever there is no enough wind, the country can use solar energy or water for hydroelectricity. Therefore, in order for a country to succeed in the production of these energy sources, there should be a perfect mixed integration of the sources (U.S. Department of Energy, 2014).

In conclusion, the renewable energy sector should be promoted in order to cushion the economy from grid challenges. The green energy resources are crucial for multiple national markets, where one energy source could be used to transfer energy to those regions that do not have these resources. For example, Texas is known for having numerous wind farms, and can export the same power to Chicago and California. Through a perfect combination of the renewable energy sources, the country will be in a capacity to protect the transmission losses it faces.

References

Harris, P.G. (2010). Stitching the Country Together. The Bridge. Retrieved from:             http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/energycentral/energybiz0110/index.php?%20startid=16

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability. (2014). The Smart Grid: Introduction. Energy.gov. Retrieved from: http://energy.gov/oe/downloads/smart-grid-introduction-   0

U.S. Department of Energy. (2014). Overview of the Electric Grid. U.S. Department of Energy. Pdf.