Literature Review

The Literature Review* Contents of a Literature Review 1) What do we already know about the topic? 2) What do you have to say critically about what is already known? 3) Has anyone else ever done anything exactly the same? 4) Has anyone else ever done anything that is related? 5) Where does your work fit in with what has been done before? 6) Why is your research worth doing in light of what has been done before? Purposes of a Literature Review 1) To demonstrate your grasp of a specific field; 2) To show your skill in identifying and discussing the most significant ideas and findings; 3) To specify who did what, when and how and why they did it; 4) To evaluate the earlier studies; 5) To explain points of convergence and divergence between your study and earlier studies; 6) To reveal gaps in earlier knowledge and state how your study answers them; 7) To position your study and clarify its contribution; 8) To permit you to make claims later in your study. *Based on David Silverman, Doing Qualitative Research (2017), pp. 462-63.